Women who have irregular menstrual cycles can also determine their fertility days. To do this, they need to know their body signals and a little patience. First, the doctor must rule out health problems.
A woman’s menstrual cycle is considered regular when it lasts 28 days. It is even still considered normal if it lasts between 24 and 32 days.
However, for some women this timer is not so accurate and there is talk of having an irregular menstrual cycle.
Menstruation can reach 24 days compared to the previous month, then 28 and then 32. Even, it may not come in a month menstruation.
When these jumps are presented in the periodicity from one month to another, the period is considered to be irregular.
Of course, determining which are the fertile days when you have an irregular menstrual cycle has its complexity. It requires visiting the doctor to rule out diseases and having patience to determine how the cycle behaves, but it is not impossible.
When is the menstrual cycle irregular?
After menarche or first menstruation, an irregular menstrual cycle is considered normal.
This irregularity can be maintained for the first few years after menarche, but once the hormones stabilize, menstrual cycles should be regular.
If not, there could be hormonal or physical disorders that require a timely medical evaluation to prevent future problems.
When cycles last less than 24 days, they are called poly menorrhea. When they last more than 35 days, they are called oligomenorrhea.
Any of these cycles can have a very variable duration from one month to another.
What Causes an Irregular Menstrual Cycle?
Among the physical causes that can cause an irregular menstrual cycle, permanently, are:
- Problems in the thyroid.
- Excess prolactin(a hormone that stimulates milk production).
- Polycystic ovaries.
All of these problems are treatable. A timely diagnosis helps a woman to regain her regularity and control fertility.
Also, there may be emotional or medical factors that can disturb the regularity of menstruation:
- Worry and anguish.
- Eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia.
- Oral contraceptives.
- The intrauterine device.
- Taking steroid or cortisone medications.
All of these factors are equally treatable.
How to know which are the fertile days?
When the menstrual cycle is regular, ovulation usually occurs 14 days before menstruation.
When having an irregular menstrual cycle, a woman can be guided by ovulatory symptoms to determine what her fertile days are. That is, you have to know your body.
Changes in vaginal discharge
At the beginning of the menstrual cycle, the vaginal discharge is whitish and thick.
As the time of ovulation approaches, it becomes more transparent and fluid to facilitate the transit of sperm to the uterus. They are the days of greatest fertility.
Ovulation abdominal pain resembles PMS, although it is rare. Some women can feel it only on the side of the ovary where ovulation occurred.
Changes in basal temperature
Basal temperature is the temperature that the body shows as soon as it wakes up.
If a record of the body temperature is made every day of the month, it is possible to determine the moment of ovulation, since it implies an elevation of 0.2º to 0.5º.
Other symptoms of ovulation
The breasts may be tighter and sore. Libido increases. The skin appears brighter and more youthful before ovulation occurs.
These symptoms are not easily distinguishable, they can even go unnoticed, since their intensity depends on each woman.
How to determine the fertile days?
In the pharmacy it is possible to acquire the following tests that are very effective in determining when ovulation occurs: LH ovulation test.
It is a urine test that measures the presence of the luteinizing hormone(LH), responsible for ovulation.
This test is easy to use and allows you to determine if ovulation will be in the next 24 to 36 hours.
Estrogen ovulation test
This test measures estrogen levels in a woman’s vaginal discharge or saliva.
It detects ovulation three to four days before it occurs.
To have a calendar of your ovulation you must keep a record of how many days there are between the first day of a menstruation and the first day of the next. So, for 6 months; it takes time, but it is effective.
When to visit the doctor
Although irregular periods can be normal in some women, it is advisable to visit the doctor on some occasions.
The Department of Gynecology at the University of Pennsylvania recommends it in these cases:
- If you spend more than 90 days without it arriving.
- When it suddenly starts to be irregular.
- When it lasts more than a week.
- If it is more abundant than normal.
- When you bleed between periods.
- In case there is unusual pain.
Determining the fertile days is essential, whether you want to get pregnant or want to avoid it.
If you have an irregular menstrual cycle it is possible to specify your fertile days, but take time.
Go to your doctor to rule out and take care of health problems that may be affecting the regularity of your menstrual period. Your sexual and reproductive health will thank you.