Period acne can improve by taking the contraceptive pill and other prescription medications.
It is a reality that most women suffer from acne during menstruation. In fact, almost all of us have been surprised more than once by those unsightly pimples that announce the arrival of the rule. However, do we know why it happens?
The menstrual cycle consists of a series of natural hormonal changes that take place in the female reproductive system. Menstruation itself is bleeding that occurs through the vagina and occurs, more or less, every 28 days.
Both the entire cycle and menstruation in particular are processes that affect the entire body. Hormones have very varied effects, among which we find acne during menstruation. In this article we explain everything you need to know about it.
Why does acne appear in menstruation?
To understand why acne appears in menstruation, you have to understand a little how hormones work. Testosterone is one of the main protagonists.
During adolescence, testosterone increases in both genders. Numerous studies claim that it is one of the factors involved in the development of acne. It is estimated that 70% of adolescents suffer from acne at this stage.
However, this acne tends to disappear or improve in adulthood. However, almost 80% of adults with acne are women. This is because hormones continue to fluctuate throughout a female life. In men, on the contrary, they stabilize.
During the menstrual cycle, these hormonal fluctuations translate into many changes. In the case of the skin, they can affect its hydration, sensitivity and even the speed of regeneration.
Every woman is different and every experience is unique. The most normal thing is that, during ovulation and menstruation, the skin is oilier. Therefore, acne during menstruation is common. In fact, it can appear up to 5 days before the beginning of the rule.
This acne mainly affects the face, but it can also occur on the back and chest. The good news is that it tends to disappear at the end of menstruation.
Acne formation process during menstruation
Just before menstruation, the levels of androgens( a group of hormones, like testosterone ) are high in the blood. As we have mentioned, testosterone contributes to the activation of the sebaceous glands and the production of sebum.
The sebum and oil that are produced are factors that intervene in the formation of acne. When they accumulate in the pores, they cause inflammation. In this way, they become red and infected, causing the formation of pimples and blackheads.
What can we do against acne in menstruation?
If menstruation acne worries you, the first thing you should do is go to the doctor. There are numerous tests that can help you study your hormone levels. In addition, based on this, there are medical treatments that stabilize hormonal fluctuations.
For example, the contraceptive pill noticeably improves menstrual acne. However, you have to be aware of all the side effects it presents.
It is very important to maintain a balanced diet and exercise daily. Scientists are trying to show the relationship between cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood and acne. In addition, a good diet always helps to improve the appearance of the skin.
Ideally, pay special attention to the skin and take care of it. It is recommended to use non-comedogenic products daily to clean and hydrate it. Avoiding makeup is also a good measure.
Of course, you must stay well hydrated. Water helps eliminate toxins through sweating and urination. This allows the skin to clean the pores, since sweat carries with it the dirt and dead cells that clog them.
Acne during menstruation is very common. It is produced mainly by the fluctuations of hormones throughout the menstrual cycle. If it causes you excessive worry or discomfort, the ideal is that you go to the doctor.
There are natural ways to reduce it, such as paying attention to hygiene and eating habits. However, if it persists, different medical treatments that have been proven effective can also be used. Therefore, consult your family doctor or your dermatologist as soon as possible.